Silicon Valley of California - Origins - The Early Birds
Like any other place on Earth, Silicon Valley's growth stemmed from strong roots in technology and education. It was way back in 1891 when California Governor and US Senator, Leyland Stanford and his wife Jane, founded Stanford University in memory of their son Leland Jr. who died at the age of 15 from typhoid. Even after hundred years, Stanford University's influence on the Silicon Valley continues till today.
In 1904, Giannini, a San Jose born immigrant made a fortune in California and founded the Bank of Italy, later rechristened as the Bank of America to become one of the world's largest banks and the 13-storey building is a proud San Jose landmark.
In 1907, Lee De Forest patented the audio amplifier, a vacuum tube that made radio possible and the first radio station is said to have been the one started by Charles David in San Jose in 1909.
Ten years later an electrician who served in the Navy during World War I, Moses Rosendin settled in San Jose and founded the Rosendin Electric Inc., which is today a multi-million dollar company employing a work force of 1500 people and the eighth largest contracting company in the US and the largest in California.
In 1939, two Stanford University graduates put together $538 and in a Palo Alto garage started a tiny electronics company and is today the Valley's largest company and a household name - Hewlett and Packard.
The invention of a solid-state device, the transistor in 1947 is regarded as the most significant invention of our times. This set off a revolution and its co-inventor, William Shockley shared the Nobel Prize in 1956 the same year in which he started Shockley Semiconductors in Silicon Valley.
One of Shockley's researchers was a gent by name Bob Noyce considered to be an important figure in Silicon Valley history for his pioneering work in the development of the Silicon Chip. In 1957 he and seven other broke away from the Shockley fold to form Fairchild Semiconductors.
In 1968, Gordon Moore and Bob Noyce founded Intel Corporation. Three years later, in 1971, Intel Engineers - Faggin, Hoff and Mazor - developed, what came to be known as the brains of a computer, the microprocessor and in 1981 the IBM PC was created using an Intel Microprocessor.
The rest, as they say, is history.